Selected bibliography


Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities, rev. ed. (1991).

Appadurai, Arjun. “Production of Locality” in Appadurai, Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization (1996), 178-199.

Artopoulos, Georgios and Bakirtzis, Nikolas, “Post-Digital Approaches to Mapping Memory, Heritage and Identity in the City,” in G. Caldwell (ed), Digital Futures and the City of Today (2016), 139-156.

Bakirtzis, Nikolas, “Medieval Fortifications as Heritage: The Cases of Nicosia and Rhodes,” in K. Bowes and W. Tronzo (eds), National Narratives and the Medieval Mediterranean (forthcoming 2018).

Brown, Patricia Fortini, Venice and Antiquity: The Venetian Sense of the Past (1997).

Calame, Jon and Charlesworth, Esther, Divided Cities. Belfast, Beirut, Jerusalem, Mostar and Nicosia (2009).

Choay, Françoise. “Historic Heritage and the Contemporary Culture Industry,” in F. Choay, The Invention of the Historic Monument (2001), 138-227.

Ch’ng, E., V. Gaffney and H. Chapmam (eds), Visual Heritage in the Digital Age (2013).

Evans, Jessica. “Introduction: Nation and Representation,” in Evans (ed), Representing the Nation: A Reader (1999), 1-8.

Fainstein, Susan and Dennis Judd. “Global Forces, Local Strategies, and Urban Tourism,” in D. Judd and S. Fainstein (eds), The Tourist City (1999), 1-17.

Halbwachs, Maurice. On Collective Memory (1952).

Hobsbawm, Eric. “Introduction: Inventing Traditions,” in E. Hobsbawm and T. Ranger (eds), The Invention of Tradition (1983), 1-14.

Lowenthal, David. The Past Is a Foreign Country (1985).

Lowenthal, David. “Age and Artifact,” in D. Meinig (ed), The Interpretation of Ordinary Landscapes (1979): 103-28.

Ruggles, D. Fairchild, “The Social and Urban Scale of Heritage,” in D.F. Ruggles (ed), On Location: Heritage Cities and Sites (2012), 1-14.

Steiner, H and M. Sternberg (eds). Phenomenologies of the City: Studies in the History and Philosophy of Architecture (2015). 

Thomas, M. and F. Penz, Architectures of Illusion: From Motion Pictures to Navigable Interactive Environments (2003).

Tunbridge, John. “Whose Heritage to Conserve? Cross-cultural reflections on political dominance and urban heritage conservation,” Canadian Geographer 28/2 (1984): 171-80.

Yúdice, George. The Expediency of Culture (2003).



Gwynneth Der Parthog, Medieval Cyprus: A Guide to the Byzantine and Latin Monuments. Moufflon Publications, 2nd ed., 2006.

Annemarie Weyl Carr, Thomas W. Davis, Charles Anthony Stewart (eds), Cyprus and the Balance of Empires: Art and Archaeology from Justinian I to the Coeur de Lion. Boston, 2014.

Andreas and Judith Stylianou, The Painted Churches of Cyprus. Leventis Foundation, first published 1985; revised edition 1997.

Demetrios Michaelides (ed), Historic Nicosia. Rimal, 2012.

Peter W. Edbury and Michael J. K. Walsh (eds), Medieval and Renaissance Famagusta: Studies in Architecture, Art, and History (Ashgate, 2012).

Franz Georg Maier and Vassos Karageorghis, Paphos: History and Archaeology. A.G. Leventis Foundation, 1984.

Georgios Artopoulos and Nikolas Bakirtzis, “Virtual Narratives For Complex Urban Realities: Historic Nicosia as Museum,” in Electronic Media and Visual Arts (EVA) Berlin 2014 (Berlin, 2014), pp. 190-99.


Cordoba and Granada

Antonio Almagro, Antonio Orihuela, and Carlos Sánchez-Gómez, Plano guía del Albaicín andalusí. Granada, 2015 (large map).

James Dickie, “Granada: A Case Study of Arab Urbanism in Muslim Spain,” in S. Jayyusi (ed), The Legacy of Muslim Spain. Leiden, 1992, pp. 88-111.

Antonio Vallejo, “Madinat al-Zahra: The Triumph of the Islamic State,” in J.D. Dodds (ed), Al-Andalus: The Art of Islamic Spain.  New York, 1992, pp. 26-39.

Darío Cabanales Rodríguez, “The Alhambra: An Introduction,” in J.D. Dodds (ed), Al-Andalus: The Art of Islamic Spain.  New York, 1992, pp. 126-133.

Julián Esteban-Chapapría, “The Conservation of Spain’s Architectural Heritage: A Balance of Three Crucial Decades, 1929–1958,” Future Anterior, 5/2 (Winter 2008): 34-52

Salma Jayyusi, Renata Holod, Attilio Petruccioli, André Raymond (eds). The City in the Islamic World. Leiden, 2008, 2 vols.

D. F. Ruggles, “The Stratigraphy of Forgetting: The Great Mosque of Cordoba and Its Contested Legacy,” in H. Silverman (ed), Contested Cultural Heritage. New York, 2011, pp. 51-67.


Thessaloniki and Rhodes 

Eutychia Kourkoutidou-Nikolaidou and Anastasia Tourta, Wandering in Byzantine Thessaloniki. Athens 1997.

Nikolas Bakirtzis, “The Practice, Perception and Experience of Byzantine Fortification,” in P. Stephenson (ed), The Byzantine World. London and New York 2010, pp. 352-71.

Nikolas Bakirtzis, “The Visual Language of Fortification Facades: The Walls of Thessaloniki,“ Monument and Environment 9 (2005), 15-34.

Mark Mazawer, Salonica, City of Ghosts: Christians, Muslims and Jews, 1430-1950. London 2004.

Alexandra Yerolympos, “Thessaloniki (Salonika) Before and After 1917. Twentieth Century Planning Versus 20 Centuries of Urban Evolution,” Planning Perspectives 3 (1988): 141-66.

Alexandra Yerolympos, Urban transformations in the Balkans (1820-1920): aspects of Balkan town planning and the remaking of Thessalonikι. Thessaloniki 1996.

Elias Kollias. The Medieval City of Rhodes and the Palace of the Grand Master. Athens, 1998.

Anthony Luttrell, The Hospitallers of Rhodes and their Μediterranean World. London 1992.

Anthony Luttrell, The Hospitaller State of Rhodes and its Western Provinces, 1306-1462. London 1999.

Katerina Manoussou-Della, Medieval Town of Rhodes. Restoration Works (1985-2000). Rhodes, 2001.